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What are Employment services?


Employment services are any type of assistance provided by an agency such as the Department for Aging and Rehabitative Services' Division of Rehabilitative Services, the Virginia Department for the Blind and Visually Impaired, or a Workforce (One-Stop Career) Center that can lead you to finding the right job or career.

Many seniors and people with disabilities want to work. However, between 45-65% of people with disabilities are unemployed or under-employed. Some people do not realize that there are ways to stay working or get back to work.


Federal and state laws protect your rights to work. You can review these laws on Legal Rights Page of this website.


What employment programs and services are available?

Finding the right job can be hard. If you are a senior or have a disability, it can be even harder. You are not alone when looking for the right job. Many agencies can help you find a job. These agencies have many services to help find the right job and career for you. These services can also get you ready for jobs in many fields. For some services you must meet eligibility requirements, and services are contingent upon funding availability.


You can visit your local Virginia Workforce Center, also called a One-Stop Career Center. The Centers offer employment, training, and career education services. Everyone can use the Centers, free of charge. To locate the Workforce Center nearest you, visit and click One-Stop Workforce Centers or dial 2-1-1.


The Virginia SHARE (Sharing How Access to Resources Empowers) Network, a program of the Virginia Workforce Council, is a state and local level workforce investment board (WIB) collaborative that extends the reach of the One-Stop Career Centers to underserved communities. The SHARE Network has over 70 faith-based and community-based organizations such as churches, libraries and community centers known as Access Points. Access Points assist job seekers with the “core employment services” (conducting on-line job searches) as well as provide other supportive services such as transportation, food, and clothing. A list of the access points is here. TTY users can reach all contact telephone numbers by calling the Virginia Relay Center at 7-1-1 or 1-800-828-1120.


The Disability Program Navigators (DPN) improve employment outcomes, self-sufficiency and quality of life for jobseekers with disabilities, by ensuring that they have equal access to all services offered through Virginia’s Workforce Network. If you need assistance and/or the use of assistive technology to better use the Workforce Center's services contact your local DPN. Visit the DPN webpage for the listing of DPNs: DPNs can connect you with specialized services and are knowledgeable about other community resources to assist you. To locate the contact numbers of the array of employment, education, training and workforce supportive resources available in your community, click here and click on Job and Career Assistance for the Quick Reference Guides and/or the State’s Comprehensive Employment Resource Guide. The local guides are listed by city/county.


You can also log onto the Virginia Employment Commission’s (VEC) ‘Virginia Workforce Connection’ Website at to register for job seeker services or Unemployment Insurance Benefits. You can also call toll free at 1-866-832-2363 to learn about finding a job. Other services available with the VEC include job referral and placement, referral to training, and job search skill building activities. To find a local VEC Workforce Center, visit and click on VEC Workforce Centers.


The Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program is an employment program for people with disabilities who are interested in going to work. The Ticket Program is part of the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 – legislation designed to remove many of the barriers that previously influenced people’s decisions about going to work because of the concerns over losing health care coverage. The goal of the Ticket Program is to increase opportunities and choices for Social Security disability beneficiaries to obtain employment, vocational rehabilitation (VR), and other support services from public and private providers, employers, and other organizations.


An Employment Network (EN) provides employment and other support services to Ticket to Work holders. An EN may be a single provider of such services, or a partnership among organizations combining their resources into a single entity. ENs offer one or more services such as: job readiness and work-skills assessment; career counseling; employment placement; internships and apprenticeships; vocational rehabilitation; job coaching; transportation; and, other supports. To learn more about the Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program or to find an EN in your area go to A Ticket to Work website for people with disabilities receiving Social Security disability benefits is at
If you have a disability and want to know how to get ready for, find, and keep a job, visit the Virginia Division of Rehabilitative Services website. Or you can call toll free at 1-800-552-5019 (TTY: 1-800-464-9950). 


If you have a visual impairment or are blind or deafblind and want to know more about employment services, visit the Virginia Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired website. Or call toll free at 1-800-622-2155 (Voice/TTY). 


If you have an intellectual disability (once called mental retardation) or mental health issue, contact your local Community Services Board. Visit the VirginiaNavigator website and select “Community Services Boards” and put in your zip code.
If you are a veteran with a disability, and would like to return to work, you can visit the Virginia Department of Veterans Services website or call (804) 786-0286. 
If you are age 55 or older and want to work, your local Area Agency on Aging may be able to help. Visit VirginiaNavigator and select “Area Agency on Aging” and put in your zip code.
If you receive Medicaid benefits, Medicaid Works, allows workers with disabilities to earn higher income and keep more in resources, while ensuring Medicaid coverage.


What are the costs?

For some services you must meet eligibility requirements, and services are contingent upon funding availability. Most employment services do not have a cost, but some do. If you are under 18 and your family is able to pay, or if you were given a large worker’s compensation claim, you might have to pay for all or some of your services. To get free services you must meet financial requirements.


How do I qualify?

Many of these services are for everyone. If you have a disability, you may qualify for special employment services from one or more of the agencies listed above.

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Where can I find out more?

Virginia Resources:

Career One-Stop Web Resources

Resources Just for Seniors

Other Resources

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Virginia Division for the Aging
Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services
1610 Forest Avenue, Suite 100
Henrico, VA 23229
Toll-Free: 1-800-552-3402 | Richmond/Henrico local: (804) 662-9333
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